What is Thermal Tourism?
Thermal Tourism; It is the use of “healing from Sudan”, which has been going on for years, in the treatment of foreign patients today. Water resources have an important place in human history. As a matter of fact, it has been an important criterion in the selection of settlement since antiquity, and these sources were used as drinking water, utility water and healing water. (one)
Thermal Tourism; In the modern understanding, health care is focused on ensuring the continuity of health rather than getting rid of the disease. This change has changed health policies focusing on diseases and treatment towards “continuation of well-being”. (2) Thermal tourism, one of the alternative tourism types, has succeeded in becoming one of the leading choices of the service sector, based on the theme of “water for a healthy life” that people prefer in addition to the trilogy of sea, sand and sun. Since the ages of thermal tourism are between 25-75 years old, different treatment methods have also emerged. The needs of young and middle age have also created different areas. As an example of these, it is possible to list the following within the scope of complementary treatments:
Especially in countries where industrialization is intense, people participate in thermal tourism activities in order to protect their health, to be healthy, to spend quality time and to have different activities. (3) is located on the world’s most important geothermal zone of Turkey geographically. When evaluated in terms of natural thermal water resource richness and potential due to its location, it is the first country in Europe, and it is among the top seven countries in the world.
Thermal Tourism Opportunities
The most important of the opportunities provided by thermal tourism is that it is possible to do tourism for 12 months. Due to the diversity and appeal of different age groups, the occupancy rates are high. Unlike tourism is concentrated in certain regions during most of the year, it is distributed evenly in regions where summer tourism is not very common. The fact that the time spent is both enjoyable and the improvement is seen make thermal tourism attractive.
According to MTA data while changing second flow rate between temperatures of 20ºC and 110ºC in Turkey is the natural thermal water source around 1500, which may vary between 2 and 500 liters temperature of natural thermal water resources available in our country values and flow rates Given the size will exceed 700,000 beds as thermal health tourism capacity is seen. It is obvious that 100.000 bed capacity until 2018, which is one of the 10 Development Plan targets, can be easily reached when evaluated with our water resources. (4) When we look at the visitors who come to our country for Thermal Tourism, it is seen that the top 3 countries are Japan, South Korea and People’s Republic of China.
Thermal Tourism in the World
Thermal tourism is one of the most widely used alternative medicine in the world. For example: It is learned from the Torah that hot waters are used for religious and health purposes in Africa, Egypt and Madagascar. Hippocrates, the founder of modern medicine, is the first scientist to explain the basis of treatment with natural resources. The Romans used hot springs for post-war treatment and sports purposes. When evaluated within the framework of this information, the structure of thermal tourism arising from different cultures in different countries but always united at the same point is seen. Religion, science, medicine and the understanding of culture from the past have been a major factor in medical tourism being an indispensable treatment method for years.